The DarkNet is an overlay network that can be accessed only with some specific software, by using non-standard communication ports and protocols. In reciprocal terms, the DarkNet refers to the Surface web which is indexable search engine data. DarkNet is an IP address space with routed allocation, i.e., not discoverable by normal search methods. It refers to both a single private network and a group of internet address space. Technically, DarkNet is a modification on a VPN (Virtual Private Network) with extra measures to protect the IP address and network of members that are non-discoverable. Its purpose is not only to hide communications but to protect the data are exchanged. So, the users join to share data or any information with less risk of detection.
Darknets are used in network security testing. The administrator of the darknet sets a portion of unused IP address space and configures a network monitoring device to detect any traffic headed to an IP address within that range that no legitimate systems run on the darknet, any traffic for an address within it is from a misconfigured system. Darknets are useful for detecting systems that are infected by other malicious programs that are attempting to spread on the network.
There are two typical types of DarkNet,
- Friend to Friend Networks – used for file sharing with a peer-to-peer connection.
- Privacy Networks – such as Tor, I2P with high security to share data.
These networks are decentralized, and through a widespread system of servers, traffic is being routed. So, the complex routing system makes difficult to trace communications. The primary purpose of DarkNet is to share illegal files which include malware programs, pirated software, copyrighted media and many illicit contents.
Friend to Friend Networks
Despite the fact that many of the shortcomings of Peer-to-Peer networking popularized by Napster thoughts on peer to peer and also as the cornucopia of the commons by getting volunteer who does believe strongly that direct connections between the personal machines on the Internet are the fertile and important area.
The Peer to Peer networking problems must be examined carefully. Gnutella’s problems are pointed out CNet, and also the tip of the iceberg is done with spam. Frankson’s discussion pointed out the problems are trustful in networking. It is concluded by thinking hard about this for 30 years. By reading his prophetic MIT Thesis 1973, a book about the markets shared systems, and micropayments like the internet are called ARPA Net. At last, he feels like eternal vigilance is involved in the solutions. When discussed with Bob, he feels that the solutions are evolving slowly, the only drawback that it will take lots of work and errors.
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From the beginning, Privacy concerns have been articulated for large-scale computer sharing. It can entail either Personally Identified Information (PII) and also non-PII information like a site visitor’s behavior on a website. PII also refers to any information that can be used to identify an individual. Age and physical address alone could identify who an individual is without explicitly disclosing their name, as these factors are unique enough to identify a specific person typically.
Some experts like Steve Rambam, a private investigator specializing in Internet privacy and suggested that the “appeal of online services is to broadcast personal information on purpose.”
VPN for Added Protection
Tor users like to add an extra layer of protection by connecting to Tor using a virtual network privately, or also VPN. Although no one can see what you are doing online when you use an onion router, surveillance entities also can see that you are using Tor. Wired UK reported widespread speculation that the NSA was tagging Tor users as extremists and also persons of interest Although that is likely a long tag list and there is no concrete evidence about what is done with it, it is understandably something people want to avoid everything. Using a VPN to connect Tor means that nobody able to see that you are using it, and therefore seen as a good solution to this problem.
How to Acess the DarkNet?
Accessing the hidden internet is surprisingly easy. The most popular way is using a service called TOR, which stands for The Onion Router. Even though technically-savvy users can find a multitude of different ways to configure and use Tor, it can also be as simple as installing a new browser. This is one of the largest and most popular sections of the darknet.
The browser itself is built on top of the Firefox browser’s open-source code, anybody who has ever used Firefox that finds the Tor browser familiar to use.
Related How to access the Deep Web?
The Tor browser is used to surf the surface web anonymously, giving the user added protection against everything from hackers to government spying to corporate collecting data. It lets you visit websites which published anonymously on the Tor network, which is inaccessible to people not using Tor
Darknet anonymity is achieved as usual using an onion network. Usually, when accessing the pedestrian Internet, every computer directly accesses the server hosting the website you are visiting. The direct link is broken in an onion network and the data is instead bounced around a number of intermediaries before reaching the destination. Even the transport medium is prevented, the communication registers on the network from knowing who is doing the communication. Tor makes a popular onion router that is fairly user-friendly for anonymous communication and accessible to most operating systems.
The DarkNet Market List
The DarkNet market contains commercial websites on Deep Web which operate through DarkNets such as Tor, I2P, etc., The DarkNet Market is also known as the Crypto Market. It includes main functions like transactions, black markets, stolen credit card details, forged documents, cyber arms, and other illegal goods.
Silk Road – http://reloadedudjtjvxr.onion/
Alphabay – http://pwoah7foa6au2pul.onion/register.php?aff=41211
Valhalla – http://valhallaxmn3fydu.onion/register/E3we
Crypto Market – http://cryptomktgxdn2zd.onion/
Fantasia – http://6rycob3b6rkzvr3a.onion
Hansa Market – http://hansamkt2rr6nfg3.onion/affiliate/110
Ramp (Russian Forum) – http://ramp2bombkadwvgz.onion
Apple Market – http://254iloft5cheh2y2.onion/register.php?invite=3GmwV3P
Wall Street Market – http://wallstyizjhkrvmj.onion/signup?ref=276
TradeRoute – http://traderouteilbgzt.onion/?r=rvn50
Some other purposes of the DarkNet are to provide a venue for private communication because public communications are dangerous and undesirable. It is also used for testing the network security, and the administrator configures a network monitoring device to detect traffic heading within that range to an IP address. Also, sets a part of unused IP address space for the Darknet. Especially, it is used to detect systems that are infected by worms or any malicious programs that will be spread over the network.
Apart from all precautions, Darknet cannot be completely undetectable. To know more about The DarkNet click here.