The Deep Web involves a larger part of the internet that is not indexed in normal search engines. Deep Web can also be called as Hidden Web or Invisible Web. Since these websites are illegal, it is hidden from common search engines. Deep Web includes emails, messages, Online banking, imported goods, Bitcoin, illegal videos and much more. You can buy anything at any time from anywhere through Deep Web Sites. In General, the Deep Web is the dark part of the internet, i.e., hidden from the world.
Most of the people in the world don’t know about the hidden websites (The Deep Web) that will not be displayed in standard search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc.,). The Surface Web includes search engines like google, yahoo, etc., which are used by people in their day-to-day life. Only 4% of the internet comes under the category of the Surface Web and known to the government. And the remaining 96% comes under the category called The Invisible Web (The Dark Web). In Dark Web, the contents are not difficult to find, but it will not be displayed by normal search engines.
If you are searching for anything important or illegal and you can’t find it anywhere in ordinary search engines, there is a chance of finding it on the Deep Web. Deep Web cannot be accessed by everyone, only approved visitors through VPN (Virtual Private Network) can access the Deep Web Sites. If the sites are commercial, then only the paid customers can access it. When mashups are generated on the fly, and the components lack a permanent URL (Uniform Resource Location), then they are also included in the Deep Web. In the Surface Web, less than 2% of content is only crawled and indexed by conventional search engines. In Dark Web, contents cannot be accessed by normal search engines, because most often the content will be illegal.
How to access the Deep Web?
The Deep Web can be accessed through some browsers that are dedicated to it. When you are accessing the deep web, you won’t be looking for a single page data but for a network of databases. That’s why it is so difficult for normal search engines to index. The Deep Web information can be shared through any number of computers that holds the information through the internet; it is known as peer to peer networking. This makes harder to trace or monitor your location. “Tor Browser” is one of the best examples for browsers to access Deep web through Onion routing.
Tor Browser is a privacy web browser to prevent anyone watching your history and learning from sites what you have visited. It also prevents you from getting your current location. Chiefly, it is used to access the blocked websites. In other words, Tor is a free software and an open network to protect against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens privacy and personal freedom, business activities, relationships and state security.
Related: What is the DarkNet?
What is Onion Routing?
Onion Routing is a technique for unidentified communication over a computer network. Messages are symmetrical to layers of an onion and enclosed in layers of encryption in an Onion Network. In Onion Router, through a series of network nodes, the encrypted data is transmitted. Each single layers are peeled off by uncovering the data’s next destination. The message will reach its destination when the final layer is decrypted. In other words, Onion Routing is a program for projects analyzing, designing, researching and building unknown communication systems.
Onion Routing helps us to prevent from knowing the transport medium when communication is carried out between two people, and the network knows only the communication is taking place, not the persons. Moreover, the communication content is hidden up to a certain limit where the Onion Routing is left by traffic.
Alternative ways to access the Deep Web
Other than Tor Browser, there are some alternative ways and browsers to access the Deep Web.
Freenet was designed by Ian Clarke to use the internet with strong individual protection. Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication. It is a free software to publish and communicate without any fear because it uses a decentralized distributed data store to deliver and keep information in private. You can browse data, publish data and even post forums with high privacy protections.
Tox is a peer-to-peer messaging and video calling software which offers an end-to-end encryption with no way to disable any of the encryption features. The main aim of Tox is to provide high secure and easily accessible communication for everyone. This protocol is published as free open source software under the terms of GNU GPL (General Public License). This software is easy to access and can be used by anyone without any practical knowledge.
Read also Is the Deep Web illegal to access?
Freepto is a total Operating System based on Linux, and it can be booted on any computer by using a USB disk. It contains all software that you need like browsers, messaging, emails, office suite, graphics, etc., The data’s you save on USB disk will be automatically encrypted. Freepto is easy to use and to save encrypted at high speed.
I2P is an anonymous peer-to-peer disturbed communication layer. It is intended to defend communication from monitoring by third parties like ISPs. I2P is used by people’s who needs privacy like a journalist, activists, etc., The software which implements the computer network layer like P2P software is known as I2P layer. It is totally an alternative to Tor with secure web surfing, file transfer, communication, etc.,
The Dark Web forms a small part of the Deep Web. Click here to know the exciting information about The Dark Web.
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